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ThermalToursENG - Gellért Gyógyfürdő - Budapest
 
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Gellért Gyógyfürdő
 

1118- Budapest
Kelenhegyi út 4.

 


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If you cross the Liberty Bridge from Pest to Buda, you’ll reach the Gellért Hill, one of the dominating elements of the Danube panorama. The square here also wears the name of St Gellért, just as the Art Nouveau Hotel and inside, the baths


The design of the hotel was made by Artúr Sebestyén, Ármin Heged?s and Izidor Sterk. It was built between 1912 and 1918. One year after opening, the hotel was commandeered for military purposes during Béla Kun’s communist regime. After it was taken over the Romanian army, and later it became the headquarters of Miklós Horthy, recaptured Budapest from the occupying armies.

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The first bathing facilities were built in the twenties, when the hotel became one of the centers of well-to-do social life. First the open-air pool was constructed in 1927, and after seven years the indoor thermal and “champagne-bubble” also opened its doors for the guests. The Gellért Baths and the hotel got famous all over Europe, Royal families, foreign politicians artists and poets visited the great spa of Budapest.


In the Second World war, the building suffered severe war damage. After the reconstructions the baths were not the same, but nowadays a visit to its public pools might still recall the glamour of times past.

Place of interest

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After taking a rest in Gellért Baths, you should take a walk up to Gellért Hill. The peaceful gardens, the great views and the historical and cultural monuments here are worth a visit.


Opposite the entrance to the baths, stands the Chapel in the Rock. The chapel belongs to the Hungarian Pauline order. It dates back to 1931. During the Communist Regime it was closed and later sealed up. It reopened only in 1989, near the political transformation in Hungary.

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At the top of the hill, by the foot of the Liberation Monument, you can see all over Budapest and the Danube Bank. This statue was erected to mark the liberation of the capital from the Germans in the Second World War by Soviet troops. After the political transformation in Hungary in 1989 the city council decided to leave the monument standing contrary to other Soviet monuments in Budapest, but removed the figure of a Soviet soldier which has stud below the main statue. Behind the Liberation Monument stands the fortress known as the Citadel, which was built by the Austrians in the 19C. With this building they wanted to symbolize their power following the defeat of the Hungarians in the War of Independence in 1948-49.


On the eastern side of the hill stands the St Gellert Monument, a work of Gyula Jankovich from 1904. From here you can see the Elisabeth Bridge. This modern white bridge was completed in 1964 to replace a former chain bridge which was destroyed under the Second World War.

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From this monument you can walk to the green area below Gellért Hill, known as Tabán. In the 17C many Serbs fled here from the Turks. The Tabán became a densely populated, poor area, unhealthy because of a sewer that ran through it. At the beginning of the 20C the city council decided to demolish the area, but the work was finally completed only in the 1930s. Nowadays only a few buildings remain from the old Tabán, like the Tabán Parish Church on Attila út. At summer time, you may visit some great festivals here.

Links
Budapest
Gellért Gyógyfürdő



 

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