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ThermalToursENG - Pécsi Hullámfürdő - Pécs
 
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Pécsi Hullámfürdő
 

7623- Pécs
Szendrey J. u. 7.

 


244

You may refresh your self in a town with a lively cultural life if you visit the Wave Baths of Pécs. Inside the complex there are three pools. Besides bathing different kinds of treatments are also available like massages, solarium, sauna etc.

History

According to the finds that archeologists found here, this land was inhabited since the Copper Age. During the time of the Great Migrations different kinds of folks inhabited this area until the Romans conquer Pannonia. That time the name of the town was Sophiane. In the 9C it became a part of the Frank Empire until the time of the Hungarian conquest.


In 1009 Stephan I gave Pécs a central place in his organization of church activity by announcing the foundation of the Pécs diocese in a charter. Due to this, the town sonly became an important cultural, administrative and economic centre of Hungary.


When the Turks invaded Hungary Pécs became a part of the Ottoman Empire. After brushing off the yoke of the Ottoman Empire, the town became the property of the bishop. The citizens of Pécs were fighting long for the town to become a royal free borough. They had to wait 80 years for they wish to come true.


In the 19C the town started to develop. New theatre was built from stone, the academy and the library opened, there were book clubs, people read news papers, the railway was laid down. The town had a lively cultural and economic life. The new industries of Pécs attracted a lot of foreign workers at the beginning of the 20C. This time many Moravian, Czech, Serbian, Croatian, Italian and German people came to the town to work.


After Trianon Pécs has lost its important economical connections to the south. In the Second World War the town was damaged. It started to develop again only after 1956, when new industrial developing started here.


Nowadays Pécs is still an important industrial, educational, cultural and industrial centre of Hungary.

Place of interest


Pécs is a real university town with a lively cultural life and a special atmosphere. The climate is usually warmer here than in other parts of the country, being almost Mediterranean in character. There are plenty of interesting things to do and see, so it is worth to stay here for a few days longer.


If you are interested in old historical monuments, there are some great sights in Pécs. Under Szent István tér archeologists found old Christian graves from the Roman Period. From the Turkish times there are some great architectural monuments which still remain, like the former Mosque of Pasha Gazi Kassim on the same square - which is the largest monument from Turkish times in Hungary -, or the Mosque of Pasha Yakovali Hassan with its ribbed dome and minaret, the baths of Pasha Memi which you can see near the Franciscan Church. You should also visit the Archeology Exhibition in Janus Pannonius utca, near the Inner City Parish Church or the Local History Museum in Fels?malom utca.


There are plenty of small parks, monuments and fountains in the centre of the town. It is worth it to get lost a little without real destination, just walk around the narrow streets of the old town. You will find something on every corner.


If you are interested in sacred places and monuments start your walk by the great Cathedral at Dom tér. It is believed that the cathedral present-day crypt was once an early Christian basilica in the 9C. There were reconstructions time after time until the cathedral got its today form. The Episcopal Palace from the 19C stands on the west side of the square. Nearby is the only surviving round stone bastion of the former city walls of Pécs, known as the Bastion, built in the 15C. Opposite the Episcopal Palace is the Chapter Archives and Parish Rectory. The buildings were designed by Italian architect, and were built in the 18C. Opposite the square is the Early Christian Mausoleum.


There are great exhibitions of arts, history, nature and folk in the town. Don’t miss to visit the Csontváry Museum near the Cathedral. Tivadar Csontváry Kosztka’s works are massive, colorful post-Impressionist canvases, a strange fusion of Expressionism and Symbolism. There is also a Modern Picture Gallery, a Ferenc Martyn Collecton of his graphics and paintings, and a Museum of the works from Victor Vasarely. He was a famous Hungarian painter. His real name was Gy?z? Vásárhelyi. He was born in Pécs. He emigrated to France in 1930 and lived in Paris. He donated 400 of his works to the Hungarian State. He was the so-known “father of Op Art” in Hungary.


You can see an interesting exhibition of the town’s famous porcelain works if you visit the Zsolnay Museum opposite the Vasarely Museum. Near the Folk Art Exhibition in Rákóczi út is a statue of Vilmos Zsolnay, and if you continue your walk, turn left on Irgalmasok utcája near the Natural History Museum, you’ll also see the Zsolnay Memorial Fountain by the corner of Munkácsy Mihály utca. The founder of this great Hungarian factory was Vilmos Zsolnay. The factory was founded in Pécs at the beginning of the 20C. The five crafts of property practiced in the factory are pottery, chemistry, painting, sculpture and architecture. There are lots of great buildings all around Hungary, which used the products of Zsolnay. It is special and therefore easily recognizable. If you take a look at the Museum of Applied Arts in Budapest, you will recognize it everywhere around in the country. The building – designed by Ödön Lechner and Gyula Pártos – displays the typical use of coloured pyrogranite ceramics made at the Zsolnay Factory.


Besides these there are great festivals, and other programs, performances, small exhibitions in the town, so before going to Pécs, try to get to know about these!


The vicinity of Pécs is full of interesting sites, monuments and programs. The surrounding mountains, towns and villages, or The Ormánság by the River Dráva are worth the tour! If you have the time and possibility, don’t miss to explore the Mecsek Hills by some excursions, visit the castles of Siklós or Pécsvárad, or the great historical town of Szigetvár. If you would like to taste good and famous wines, the best place for it is Villány only 15km far from Siklós. There are other bathing facilities nearby in Orf? or Magyarhertelend.

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Pécs
Pécsi Hullámfürdő



 

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